What Is the Shortest-Lived Country in History?
Unsurprisingly, the answer is complicated. Among the candidates for the shortest-lived country is the Sultanate of Zanzibar for one day in 1963, the Republic of Crimea for one day in 2014, and the Russian Democratic Federative Republic, which only lasted about six hours in 1918. The apparent winner of the title, however, is the Independent State of Catalonia, which lasted only eight seconds of a 2017 speech.
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